Yudhisthira Maharaja said, "0 Shri Krishna, what is the name of the Ekadashi that occurs during the dark fortnight of the month of Pausa [DecemberJanuary]? How is it observed, and which Deity is to be worshiped on that day? Please narrate this to me fully, 0 Janardana."
The Supreme Personality of Godhead replied, "0 best of kings, because you desire to hear, I shall fully describe to you the glories of Pausa-krishna Ekadashi
"I do not become as pleased by sacrifice or charity as I do by My devotees' observance of a full fast on Ekadashi To the best of one's ability, therefore, one should fast on Ekadashi the day of Lord Hari.
"0 Yudhisthira, I urge you to hear with undivided intelligence the glories of Pausa-krishna Ekadashi which falls on Dvadasi. As I explained previously, one should not differentiate among the many Ekadashis. 0 king, to benefit humanity at large I shall now describe to you the process of observing Pausa-krishna Ekadashi
"Pausa-krishna Ekadashi is also known as Saphala Ekadashi. On this sacred day one should worship Lord Narayana, for He is its ruling Deity. One should follow the previously described method of fasting. Just as among snakes Sesa-naga is the best, among birds Garuda is the best, among sacrifices the Asvamedha-yajfta is the best, among rivers Mother Ganga is the best, among gods Lord Vishnu is best, and among two-legged beings the brahmanas are the best, so among all fasting days Ekadashi is the best. 0 foremost of kings born in the Bharata dynasty, whoever strictly observes Ekadashi becomes very dear to Me and indeed worshipable by Me in every way. Now listen as I describe the process for observing Saphala Ekadashi.
"On Saphala Ekadashi. My devotee should worship Me by offering Me fresh fruits according to time, place, and circumstance, and by meditating on Me as the all-auspicious Supreme Personality. He should offer Me jambira fruit, pomegranate, betel, coconut, guava, nuts, cloves, mangoes, and different kinds of aromatic spices. He should also offer Me incense and bright ghee lamps, for such an offering of lamps on Saphala Ekadashi. is especially glorious. The devotee should try to stay awake all night.
"Now please hear with undivided attention as I tell you how much merit one gets if he fasts and remains awake throughout the entire night. 0 best of kings, there is no sacrifice or pilgrimage that yields merit equal to or better than the merit one gains by fasting on Saphala Ekadashi. Such fasting-particularly if one can remain awake and alert all night longbestows the same merit upon the faithful devotee as the performance of austerity for five thousand years. 0 lion among kings, please hear the glorious history of this Ekadashi.
"Once there was a city called Campavati, which was ruled by the saintly King Mahismata. He had four sons, the eldest of whom, Lumpaka, always engaged in very sinful activities-illicit sex with the wives of others, gambling, and continual association with known prostitutes. His evil deeds gradually reduced the wealth of his father, King Mahismata. Lumpaka also became very critical of the demigods and brahmanas, and every day he would blaspheme Vaishnavas. At last King Mahismata, seeing the condition of his son, exiled him to the forest. Out of fear of the king, even compassionate relatives did not come to Lumpaka's defense, so angry was the king and so sinful was Lumpaka.
"Bewildered in his exile, Lumpaka thought to himself, 'My father has sent me away, and even my kinsmen do not raise any objection. What should I do now?' He schemed sinfully and thought, I shall sneak back to the city under cover of darkness and plunder its wealth. During the day I shall stay in the forest, and at night I'll return to city.' So thinking, Lumpaka entered the dark forest. He killed many animals by day, and by night he stole valuable items from the city. The city-dwellers apprehended him several times, but out of fear of the king they left him alone. They thought that it must have been the sins of his previous births that had made him lose his royal facilities and act so sinfully.
"Though a meat-eater, Lumpaka would also eat fruits every day. He resided under an old banyan tree that happened to be very dear to Lord Vasudeva. Indeed, many worshiped it as the god of all the trees in the forest. In due course of time, while Lumpaka was doing so many sinful and condemnable activities, Saphala Ekadashi arrived. On the eve of Ekadashi, Lumpaka had to pass the entire night without sleep because of the severe cold and his scanty bedclothes. The cold not only robbed him of all peace but almost killed him. By the time the sun rose, his teeth were chattering and he was almost comatose, and all during the morning of that day, Ekadashi, he could not awaken from his stupor.
"When midday of Saphala Ekadashi, arrived, the sinful Lumpaka finally came to and managed to rise up from his place under the banyan tree. But with every step he stumbled to the ground. Like a lame man, he walked slowly and hesitantly, suffering greatly from hunger and thirst in the midst of the jungle. So weak was Lumpaka that he could not kill a single animal that day. Instead, he was reduced to collecting whatever fruits had fallen to the ground. By the time he returned to the banyan tree, the sun had set.
"Placing the fruits on the ground next to him, Lumpaka began to cry, 'Oh, woe is me! What should I do? Dear father, what is to become of me? O Shri Hari, please be merciful to me and accept these fruits!' Again he was forced to lie awake the whole night without sleep, but in the meantime the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Madhusudana, had become pleased with Lumpaka's offering of the forest fruits, and He accepted them. Lumpaka had unwittingly observed a full Ekadashi, fast, and by the merit he reaped on that day he regained his kingdom with no further obstacles.
"Listen, 0 Yudhisthira, to what happened to the son of .King Mahismata when but a fragment of merit sprouted up within his heart.
"As the sun rose beautifully on the day following Ekadashi, a handsome horse approached Lumpaka and stood next to him. At the same time, a voice suddenly spoke from out of the clear blue sky: 'This horse is for you, Lumpaka! Mount it and swiftly ride out to greet your family! 0 son of King Mahismata, by the mercy of Lord Vasudeva and the strength of the merit you acquired by observing Saphala Ekadashi, your kingdom will be returned to you without any further hindrances. Such is the benefit you have gained by fasting on this auspicious day. Go now to your father and enjoy your rightful place in the dynasty.'
"Upon hearing these celestial words, Lumpaka mounted the horse and rode back to the city of Campavati. By the merit he had accrued by fasting on Saphala Ekadashi, he had become a handsome prince once more and was able to absorb his mind in the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari. In other words, he had become My pure devotee.
"Lumpaka offered his father, King Mahismata, his humble obeisances and once more accepted his princely responsibilities. Seeing his son decorated with Vaishnava ornaments and tilaka, King Mahismata gave him the kingdom, and Lumpaka ruled unopposed for many, many years. Whenever Ekadashi came, he worshiped the Supreme Lord with great devotion. And by the mercy of Shri Krishna he obtained a beautiful wife and a fine son. In old age Lumpaka handed his kingdom over to his sonjust as his own father, King Mahismata, had handed it over to him-and then went into the forest to serve the Supreme Lord with controlled mind and senses. Purified of all material desire, he left his body and returned home, back to Godhead, attaining a place near the lotus feet of Lord Shri Krishna.
"0 Yudhisthira, one who approaches Me as Lumpaka did will become completely free of lamentation and anxiety. Indeed, anyone who properly observes this glorious Saphala Ekadashi - even if unknowingly, like Lumpaka-will become famous in this world. He will become perfectly liberated at death and return to Vaikuntha. Of this there is no doubt. Moreover, one who simply hears the glories of Saphala Ekadashi, obtains the same merit derived by one who performs a Rajasuya-yajna and at the very least he goes to heaven in his next birth."
सफलाएकादशी के दिन श्रीहरिके विभिन्न नाम-मंत्रों का उच्चारण करते हुए फलों के द्वारा उनका पूजन करें। धूप-दीप से देवदेवेश्वरश्रीहरिकी अर्चना करें। सफला एकादशी के दिन दीप-दान जरूर करें। रात को वैष्णवों के साथ नाम-संकीर्तन करते हुए जगना चाहिए। एकादशी का रात्रि में जागरण करने से जो फल प्राप्त होता है, वह हजारों वर्ष तक तपस्या करने पर भी नहीं मिलता।
व्रत विधान के विषय में जैसा कि श्री कृष्ण कहते हैं दशमी की तिथि को शुद्ध और सात्विक आहार एक समय लेना चाहिए. इस दिन आचरण भी सात्विक होना चाहिए. व्रत करने वाले को भोग विलास एवं काम की भावना को त्याग कर नारायण की छवि मन में बसाने हेतु प्रयत्न करना चाहिए. एकादशी तिथि के दिन प्रात: स्नान कर शुद्ध वस्त्र धारण कर माथे पर श्रीखंड चंदन अथवा गोपी चंदन लगाकर कमल अथवा वैजयन्ती फूल, फल, गंगा जल, पंचामृत, धूप, दीप, सहित लक्ष्मी नारायण की पूजा एवं आरती करें. संध्या काल में अगर चाहें तो दीप दान के पश्चात फलाहार कर सकते हैं. द्वादशी के दिन भगवान की पूजा के पश्चात कर्मकाण्डी ब्राह्मण को भोजन करवा कर जनेऊ एवं दक्षिणा देकर विदा करने के पश्चात भोजन करें.
जो भक्त इस प्रकार सफला एकादशी का व्रत रखते हैं व रात्रि में जागरण एवं भजन कीर्तन करते हैं उन्हें श्रेष्ठ यज्ञों से जो पुण्य मिलता उससे कहीं बढ़कर फल की प्राप्ति होती है.