Raksha Bandhan~रक्षा बंधन - History of Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan, also known as Vish Torak (destroyer of venom), Punya Pradayak (bestower of boons) and Pap Nashak (destroyer of sin) has a wider and deeper spiritual significance and it is also linked with Siva. There are scriptural stories also of Indrani and Yamuna having tied rakhis to their brother Indra and Yama respectively, which brought them benefit but that does not throw any light on the original purpose of the festival. With the passage of time, the custom of the priest tying rakhi to every one in the family also came to be discontinued. It began to be celebrated as a brother-sister ritual.
A legend related to this festival is that once in a battle between the demons and gods, the gods were defeated. Their king Indra went to the priest of gods Brihaspati and said that such circumstances shamed him into sacrificing his life. Meanwhile Indrani arrived and said that she would plan a way out. Next morning after prayers, Indrani tied a cotton band on the wrist of Indra and sent him to the battle field. Indra won the battle.
History also emphasizes the importance of this festival. Once there was a war between two Rajput states. Once was getting help of the Mughal in the times ofJahangir. Panda of one state sent cotton band (Rakhi) to the chief, who was under the help of the Mughals. That chief, getting the Rakhi, turned the tables and attacked the Mughals. Thereafter cordial relations lasted between the two states. Rani Karamvati avoided a calamity by sending Rakhi to Humayun and thus, making him her brother.
The origin of Raksha Bandhan has to be traced to the incarnation of the God-Sermonizer of Gita which takes place at the fag end of every world cycle, when it is the time of extreme degeneration of values. The incorporeal selfluminous (Jyotirlingum) Lord Shiva (the world benefactor) descends in the corporal medium of Prajapati B'rhma and raises non-violent spiritual children of Prajapati B'rhma. The sacred thread (Rakhi) was tied to brothers to take a vow of purity that protects the honour of sisters and the tilak applied was for soul consciousness. In return for this vow of purity. Lord Siva granted them protection from negativity and vices and ultimately liberation from grief and suffering.
This ancient Hindu festival of brotherhood and pure love at present is celebrated by sisters going to brothers, tying Rakhis, applying Tilak and offering sweets and the brothers, assuring the safety and honour of their sisters. Arun (reddish orange: the colour of rising sun) in rakhis has great importance that the rakhi conveys to the brother, "'Oh my brother, till the last drop of your blood, the responsibility of my safety in emergency is yours." In Bundelkhand (U.P.) this is also called Kajri pumima or Kajri navami, when wheat or barley is sown in small container, watered everyday for seven days and worship of mother Bhagwati is done. This is observed by those women who are blessed with a son recently.